This HP Color LaserJet MFP with JetIntelligence combines exceptional performance and energy efficiency with professional-quality documents right when you need them—all while protecting your network with the industry’s deepest security.
This HP Color LaserJet MFP with JetIntelligence combines exceptional performance and energy efficiency with professional-quality documents right when you need them—all while protecting your network with the industry’s deepest security.
HP Color LaserJet Managed Flow MFP E67660z Specification Sheet Download
|Functions||Print, copy, scan, optional fax|
|Print speeds||Letter/A4: Up to 60/56 pages per minute (black and color) A5 landscape: Up to 74 ppm (black and color)|
|Scan speeds||Simplex: Up to 90/83 ppm (letter/A4, black); up to 90/83 ppm (letter/A4, color) Duplex: Up to 180/167 images per minute (ipm) (letter/A4, black); up to 180/167 ipm (letter/A4, color)|
|First page out||From Ready (Letter/A4)5: Black: As fast as 5.7/5.8 seconds; Color: As fast as 5.7/5.8 seconds From Sleep (Letter/A4)6: Black: As fast as 12.5/12.6 seconds; Color: As fast as 12.5/12.6 seconds 100-sheet multipurpose tray, 550‑sheet tray 2|
|100-sheet multipurpose tray, 550‑sheet tray 2||Included|
|Input capacity (standard/maximum)||Up to 650/3,200 pages|
|3-bin stapler/stacker with job offset||Included|
|Advanced workflow features including pull‑out keyboard||Included|
|Managed Cartridge yields||Black: ~32,200 pages; Color: ~28,000 pages|
|Recommended Monthly Page Volume (RMPV)||4,000 to 30,000 pages|
|Recommended Monthly Scan Volume (RMSV)||27,000 to 45,000 pages|
|Technical Specifications||HP Color LaserJet Managed Flow MFP E67660z (3GY32A)|
|AIO functions||Print, copy, scan and optional fax|
|Print speed||Letter:Up to 60 ppm black; Up to 60 ppm color; A4: Up to 56 ppm black; Up to 56 ppm color; FirstPageOutLetter:As fast as 5.7 sec black; As fast as 5.7 sec color; FirstPageOutA4:As fast as 5.8 sec black: As fast as 5.8 sec color; Print Speed Color (Landscape, A5): Up to 74 ppm black; Up to 74 ppm color|
|Print resolution||Black (best): Up to 1200 x 1200 dpi; Colour (best): Up to 1200 x 1200 dpi|
|Print Technology||Laser; Print Resolution Technologies: 600 x 600 dpi; HP ImageRet 3600, HP ProRes 1200 (1200 x 1200 dpi), Pantone© Calibrated|
|Print Cartridges Number||4 (1 each black, cyan, magenta, yellow)|
|Standard Print Languages||HP PCL 6, HP PCL 5 (HP PCL 5 driver available from the Web only), HP postscript level 3 emulation, native PDF printing (v 1.7), Apple AirPrint™|
|Printer Smart Software Features||Print preview, duplex printing, print multiple pages per sheet (2, 4, 6, 9, 16), collation, watermarks, store print jobs, easy-access USB, HP EasyColor|
|Printer Management||HP Printer Assistant; HP Device Toolbox; HP Web JetAdmin Software; HP JetAdvantage Security Manager; HP SNMP Proxy Agent; HP WS Pro Proxy Agent; Printer Administrator Resource Kit for HP Universal Print Driver (Driver Configuration Utility – Driver Deployment Utility – Managed Printing Administrator)|
|Scan Type / Technology||Type: Flatbed, ADF|
|Scan Resolution||Hardware: Up to 600 x 600 dpi; Optical: Up to 600 dpi|
|Scan File Format||Digital Send: PDF, Hi-Compression PDF, JPEG, TIFF, MTIFF, XPS, PDF/A, TEXT (OCR), Unicode TEXT (OCR), RTF (OCR), Searchable PDF (OCR), Searchable PDF/A (OCR), HTML (OCR), CSV (OCR); Scan to easy access USB: PDF, JPEG, TIFF, MTIFF, XPS, PDF/A, TEXT (OCR), Unicode TEXT (OCR), RTF (OCR), Searchable PDF (OCR), Searchable PDF/A (OCR), HTML (OCR), CSV (OCR); Print from easy access USB: PDF, PS, Print Ready files (.prn, .pcl, .cht)|
|Scan Input Modes||Front panel applications: Copy; E-mail; Save to Network Folder; Save to USB; Save to Device Memory; Save to SharePoint; Open Extensibility Platform (OXP) applications, HP Scan or user application via TWAIN|
|Scan Size||ADF: 8.5 x 34.0 in Maximum; 2.7 x 5.8 in Minimum; Flatbed: 8.5 x 14 in|
|Scan Speed||Up to 90 ppm/180 ipm (b&w), up to 90 ppm/180 ipm (color); Duplex: Up to 180 ipm (b&w), up to 180 ipm (color)12|
|Scanner Advanced Features||Optimize text/picture; Image adjustments; Job build; Output quality setting; Selectable scan resolution 75 to 600 dpi; Auto detect color; Edge Erase; Job notification; Blank page suppression; HP Quick Sets; HP EveryPage; Auto orientation; Embedded Optical Character Recognition (OCR), Auto crop to page; Auto-tone|
|Bit depth / Grayscale levels||24-bit / 256|
|Digital Sending Standard Features||Scan to E-mail; Save-to-Network Folder; Save-to-USB drive; Send to Sharepoint; Send to FTP; Send to Internet Fax; Local Address Book; SMTP over SSL; Blank Page Removal; Edge Erase; Auto Color Sense; Auto Crop To Content; Compact PDF; Auto Tonescale; Auto Orientation; Multi-Pick Detect; Auto Straighten; Auto Crop To Page; OCR|
|Copy Speed||Black(letter):Up to 60 cpm; Color(letter):Up to 60 cpm; First Copy Out (Letter): As fast as 5.9 sec Black; As fast as 6.4 sec Color16|
|Copy Resolution||Black (text and Graphics): Up to 600 x 600 dpi; Color (text and Graphics): Up to 600 x 600 dpi|
|Maximum Number of Copies||Up to 9999 copies|
|Copier Resize||25 to 400%|
|Copier Settings||Two-sided copying, scalability, image adjustments (darkness, contrast, background cleanup, sharpness), N-up, N or Z-ordering, content orientation, collation, booklet, job build, edge-to-edge, job storage, ID Copy, Book Copy, A-to-B Copy (different media sizes)|
|Fax Features||Fax Phone TAM Interface Supported: No|
|Standard Connectivity||1 Hi-Speed Device USB 2.0; 2 Hi-Speed USB 2.0 Host; 1 Gigabit Ethernet; 1 Hardware Integration Pocket|
|Network Capabilities||Yes, via HP Jetdirect Ethernet embedded print server (standard) which supports: 10Base-T, 100Base-Tx, 1000Base-T; 802.3az (EEE) support on Fast Ethernet and Gig Links; IPsec (standard); 802.11a/b/g/n wireless networking (optional).|
|Wireless Capability||Optional, enabled with purchase of a wireless hardware accessory. Single band Wireless Station and Wi-Fi Direct functionality available with HP Jetdirect 3000w NFC/Wireless Accessory J8030A, Dual band Wireless Station and Wi-Fi Direct functionality available with HP Jetdirect 3100w BLE/NFC/Wireless Accessory 3JN69A, Dual band Wireless Station functionality available with HP Jetdirect 2900nw Print Server J8031A|
|Mobile Printing Capability||Apple AirPrint™; Google Cloud Print™; HP ePrint; Mopria™ Certified; Roam capable for easy printing|
|Memory||Standard: 1.5 GB (Printer); 1 GB (Scanner); Maximum: 3 GB MAX memory, when Accessory DIMM is installed|
|Processor Speed||1.2 GHz / Hard disk: Standard, minimum 320 GB HP High-Performance Secure Hard Disk (AES 256 hardware encryption or greater)|
|Duty Cycle||Monthly, letter: Up to 180,000 pages; Recommended Monthly Page Volume: 4000 to 30,000|
|Paper Handling||Input Capacities: 100-sheet multi-purpose tray, 550-sheet input tray 2, 150-sheet automatic document feeder; Up to 650 sheets standard; MP Tray: Up to 10 envelopes (or 10mm stack height) labels legal; Output Capacities: 500-sheet output tray, 500-sheet output stapler stacker, two-sided printing; Up to 1000 sheets standard labels legal; Duplex Options: Automatic (standard)Auto Document Feeder Capacity: Standard, 150 sheets; Envelope Feeder: No; Standard Paper Trays: 2; Media Types Supported: Paper (plain, light, bond, recycled, mid-weight, heavy, mid-weight glossy, heavy glossy, extra heavy, extra heavy glossy, cardstock, card glossy), color transparency, labels, letterhead, envelope, preprinted, prepunched, colored, rough, opaque film, user-defined; Media Weight Supported: Tray 1: 16 to 58 lb (plain) 32 to 58 lb (glossy); Tray 2: 16 to 90 lb (plain) 32 to 58 lb (glossy); Media Sizes Supported: Tray 1: letter, legal, executive, statement, 3 x 5 in, 4 x 6 in, 5 x 7 in, 5 x 8 in, 8.5 x 13 in, envelopes (No. 9, No. 10, Monarch); Tray 2: letter, legal, executive, statement, 4 x 6 in, 5 x 7 in, 5 x 8 in, 8.5 x 13 in; Optional 550-sheet trays: letter, legal, executive,statement, 4 x 6 in, 5 x 7 in, 5 x 8 in, 8.5 x 13 in; Optional 2000-sheet tray: letter, legal; Media Sizes Custom: Tray 1: 3 x 5 to 8.5 x 14 in; Tray 2: 4 x 5.83 to 8.5 x 14 in; Optional 550-sheet trays: 4 x 5.83 to 8.5 x 14 in; Optional2000-sheet tray: custom sizes not supported|
|Product Dimensions||W x D x H: 20.08 x 21.8 5 x 32.28 in; Maximum: 37.91 x 30.31 x 42.20 in|
|Product Weight||112.8 lb|
|What’s in the box||HP Color LaserJet Multifunction Printer; HP Black, Cyan, Magenta and YellowOriginal LaserJet Toner Cartridges (toner cartridges installed); Documentation (Hardware Install Guide); Power cord; Fixed-Size Cassette Guides2|
|Replacement Cartridges||HP Black Managed LaserJet Toner Cartridge (~32,200 pages) W9030MC; HP Cyan Managed LaserJet Toner Cartridge (~28,000 pages) W9031MC; HP Yellow Managed LaserJet Toner Cartridge (~28,000 pages) W9032MC; HP Magenta Managed LaserJet Toner Cartridge (~28,000 pages) W9033MC 5|
|Warranty Features||One-year, next-business day, onsite warranty. Warranty and support options vary by product, country and local legal requirements. Go to http://www.hp.com/support to learn about HP award winning service and support options in yourregion. (wty code 4G)|
|Energy Efficiency Compliance||ENERGY STAR® qualified; EPEAT® Silver; CECP1|
|Control Panel||8.0-in (20.3 cm) Color Graphics Display (CGD) with touchscreen; rotating (adjustable angle) display; illuminated Home button (for quick return to the Home menu); Extended Keyboard|
|Display Description||8.0-in (20.3 cm) Color Graphics Display (CGD) with touchscreen; rotating (adjustable angle) display; illuminated Home button (for quick return to the Home menu)|
|Software Included||No software solutions are included in the Box, only on http://hp.com, http://123.hp.com|
|Fonts and Typefaces||105 internal TrueType fonts scalable in HP PCL, 92 internal scalable fonts in HP Postscript level 3 emulation (Euro symbol built-in); 1 internal Unicode Fonts (Andale Mono WorldType); 2 Internal Windows Vista 8 Fonts (Calibri, Cambria); additional font solutions available via third-party flash memory cards; HP LaserJet Fonts and IPDS Emulation available at http://www.hp.com/go/laserjetfonts|
|Compatible Operating Systems||Windows Client OS (32/64 bit), Win10, Win8.1, Win 8 Basic, Win8 Pro, Win8 Enterprise, Win8 Enterprise N, Win7 Starter Edition SP1, UPD Win7 Ultimate, Mobile OS, iOS, Android, Mac, Apple® macOS Sierra v10.12, Apple® macOS High Sierra v10.13, Apple® macOS Mojave v10.14, Discrete PCL6 Printer Driver, For more information on the supported operating systems go to http://support.hp.com, Enter your product name and search, Click on User Guides and enter your product name and search for User Guide, Search for your (Product Name) User Guide, Search for the Supported Operating Systems section, UPD PCL6 / PS Printer Drivers, Supported Operating systems, For more information on the supported operating systems see http;//www.hp.com/go/upd|
|Compatible Network Operating Systems||Windows Server 2008 R2 64-bit, Windows Server 2008 R2 64-bit (SP1), Windows Server 2012 64-bit, Windows Server 2012 R2 64-bit, Windows Server 2016 64-bit, Failover Cluster 2008 R2, Failover Cluster 2012 R2, Terminal server 2008 R2, Remote Desktop server 2012 R2, Citrix Server 6.5, Citrix XenApp & XenDesktop 7.6, Novell iPrint server, Citrix Ready Kit Certification – Up to Citrix Server 7.18 for more information see http://citrixready.citrix.com, Linux- For more information see http://developers.hp.com/hp-linux-imaging-and-printing, Unix- For more information see http://hp.com/go/unixmodelscripts, UPD PCL6 / PS Printer Drivers, Supported for Compatible Network Operating systems please see http://hp.com/go/upd|
|Minimum System Requirements||PC: 2 GB available hard disk space, Internet connection, USB port, Internet browser. For additional OS hardware requirements see microsoft.com; MAC: 2 GB available hard drive space, Internet connection or USB port, OS hardware requirements see apple.com|
|Power||Power Supply Type: Built-in 115V or 220V Power Supply; Power Requirements: Input voltage: 100V to 127V nominal (+/-10%), 50 – 60 Hz nominal (+/- 3 Hz), 12 A; Input voltage: 220V to 240V nominal (+/-10%), 50 – 60 Hz nominal (+/-), 6 A; Power Consumption: 900 watts (printing/copying), 47 watts (ready), 0.9 watts (sleep), 0.9 watts (Auto Off/Manual On), 0.1 (Manual Off)4Typical Electricity Consumption (TEC) number: ES: 2.72 kWh/Week; BA: 2.68 kWh/Week9; Best Technical Electricity Consumption (TEC): 2.24 kWh/Week10|
|Acoustics||Acoustic Power Emissions: 6.8 B(A); Acoustic Pressure Emissions: 54 dB(A)11|
|Operating Environment||Operating Temperature Range: 50 to 90.5°F; Recommended Operating Temperature: 59 to 80.6°F; Storage Temperature Range: -4 to 104°F; Operating Humidity Range: 10 to 80% RH; Recommended Humidity Operating Range: 30 to 70% RH|
|Security Management||Identity management: Kerberos authentication; LDAP authentication; 1000 user PIN codes; optional HP and 3rd party advanced authentication solutions (e.g.; badge readers); Network: IPsec/firewall with Certificate; Pre-Shared Key; and Kerberos authentication; Supports WJA-10 IPsec configuration Plug-in; 802.1X authentication (EAP-PEAP; EAP-TLS); SNMPv3; HTTPS; Certificates; Access Control List; Data: Storage Encryption; Encrypted PDF & Email (uses FIPS 140 validated cryptographic libraries from Microsoft); Secure Erase; SSL/TLS (HTTPS); Encrypted Credentials; Device: Security lock slot; USB port disablement; hardware integration pocket for security solutions; Intrusion Detection with Red Balloon Security Technology – Constant in-device monitoring for attacks; SureStart Secure Boot – BIOS Integrity Checking with self-healing capability; Whitelisting – loads only known good code (DLLs, EXEs, …); Security management: Compatible with HP JetAdvantage Security Manager, Device Security Syslog Messages processed and accessable in ArcSight and Splunk SIEMs|
HP Color LaserJet Managed Flow MFP E67660z Brochure Download
Brent has been in the Managed Services field for 12+ years focusing on strategic client alignment. He began his career in the document imaging space as an Account Executive and consistently overachieved expectations with a primary focus on Managed Print Services. He has served at numerous roles in the past ranging from MPS Specialist to Vice President of Sales & MPS. Brent has a degree in Computer Science which has continually aided in his ability to deliver custom tailored solutions for his clients. Brent is currently leading the charge for GoodSuite as the Director of Managed Services focusing on Managed IT, Managed Print, and Managed Phone systems for our clients enabling each customer to leverage technology to reach their organizational goals. Brent also focuses on devoting time to coaching his children in numerous sports and loves to unwind at Dodger Stadium with his family.
Originally from Tennessee, John McMillan joined GoodSuite’s IT team in 2017. He has over 8 years of experience and brings to the table a background in cyber-security. As an IT Specialist, John works closely with all GoodSuite’s clients as a trusted advisor. He also graduated from Full Sail University in 2011 and is glad to spend much of his free time volunteering at his local church. John is an avid Star Wars fan.
Jorge Alvarez joined GoodSuite at the start of 2018. Since then, he has become our lead Analyst for installations for our various types of technology solutions. Before taking the leap into Information Technology, he attended CSUN to pursue education in law enforcement. Jorge is an avid backpacker and most weekends, you can find him in the Angeles forest doing some exploring. Jorge currently holds a brown belt in Judo and a black belt in Shotokan Karate.
Clint has 20 years of Warehousing experience and is certified for Loan Servicing. He is responsible for expediting customer orders and quality control through effective leadership and directing. Known to spread positive vibes among people with great customer service and sharing industry knowledge, Clint is always working hard with a smile on his face. Clint was a lead singer in a band and had played all over Los Angeles, including the Troubadour. Clint also has a twin whom he works with at GoodSuite.
Saleh brings 16 years of industry knowledge to the team and is copier certified on Sharp, Xerox, HP, Samsung, Brother, and Oki. His attention to detail, need for efficiency, and superior customer service skills earns him constant praise from customers and colleagues alike. As a great leader and a fast learner, Saleh is always eager to learn more. When he’s not troubleshooting, Saleh enjoys playing soccer, poker, or solving jigsaw puzzles in his spare time.
Sergio has experience in various environments within the electronics industries for 28 years. He has a degree in Applied Science Electronics. He has copier certifications for Xerox, Sharp, and Konica. Sergio possesses strong knowledge of manufactured products sold by GoodSuite and delivers great customer service skills. When not working on machines, Sergio likes to work on personal vehicles in his spare time.
Musa has been in the copier industry for 30 years. He has a degree from Oxnard Community College. He has copier certifications for Xerox and Sharp and possesses excellent customer communications skills. Musa is a proud father of two daughters who graduated with degrees in chemistry and biology. He will be celebrating 30 years of marriage in 2019. Outside of work he enjoys long walks on the beach and is interested in history and human nutrition.
Garry has a 30 year history in the industry and carries a degree in electronics technology. He has completed courses with network administration and is also certified for Xerox, HP, Sharp, Samsung, Oki, and Brother copiers. Garry is a demonstrated hard worker who is willing to go above and beyond to complete job tasks. Garry’s interests include education, street bikes, recreational activities, camping, travel, and family time.
Eddie has been with GoodSuite since February 2016. He brings to GoodSuite over 15 year’s experience working in the Information Technology field, a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, and a wide range of knowledge. Eddie oversees the IT Departments operations, monitoring, and IT projects at GoodSuite. He is also a U.S. Navy Veteran who served during Operation Enduring Freedom on board the USS John C. Stennis. Outside of the office he’s a father to two kids and two dogs and never stops rewatching The Office.
Tanya brings 8 years of accounting experience to GoodSuite. She gratuated from the University of Hawaii Maui. Tanya brings exceptional work ethic to the team. Along with her knowledge of accounting, she’s a team player and is always available to help our team any way she can. Don’t be mistaken by her quiet demeanor, she’s a strong competitor with integrity first in mind and always works at the speed of business to serve our internal and external customers. In her free time,Tanya likes to challenge herself through playing all type of games, such as board games, puzzles, and computer games.
Colby has been in the copier industry for 27 years. With a degree in electronics and various network certifications, he brings a lot of industry knowledge to GoodSuite. Colby is certified on the following brands: Sharp, Xerox, HP, Samsung, Brother, Oki, Kyocera, Konica Minolta, Canon, and Risograph. He has great customer communications skills and is a strong leader, team player, and self-starter. Outside of the office, Colby likes to bowl, exercise, watch sports, and make trips to Vegas when he gets the chance.
Thomas Chacko holds a master’s degree in Accounting and brings more than 15 years of industry experience to GoodSuite. He has held a variety of roles, which enable him to identify areas of opportunity and solutions quickly. His honest, humble yet determined personality makes him an invaluable resource. Thomas has always enjoyed sports. Highlights of his high school baseball career include pitching two no-hitters. In his free time, he plays both basketball and softball in recreational leagues. He also loves cooking, experimenting with new recipes all the time. If he is not playing sports or cooking, you can find him exploring nature with his family.
You may recognize Stuart from his previous career as a professional actor in which he amassed over 20 years’ experience in entertainment. Most notably, guest starring on Friends, N.Y.P.D and Judging Amy several times. He co-starred in the films Teen Wolf Too as “Stiles” and the cult classic Ski School as “Fitz”. He starred in his own TV series in 1989-1990 called They Came From Outer Space.
In 2002, wanting to transition to a career that could provide steadier income for his family, he started as a Xerox Account Manager. He worked his way up to Training Manager and began his role as Sales Operation Manager with Copier Headquarters in 2006. He was promoted to Vice President of Agency Operations in 2010 and to his current position as Executive Vice President in 2015. Stuart’s main focus is training his sales staff to bring levity to every situation you are in, people always remember who made them laugh. He is focused on being the anti-salesman; creating relationships and reasons to make the office easier to work in, which are always more beneficial than a quick sale.
Christianne Strull graduated from the Marshall School of Business at the University of Southern California. She has been GoodSuite since its infancy, and her role has expanded along with the company. She is excited to see the growth and transformation of GoodSuite has managed over the years. Christianne enjoys spending time with her family, their dogs and attending USC football games, among other pursuits.
Nasim brings 5 years of Graphic Design experience to GoodSuite and has been with the company for a year now. She minored in Psychology and received her Bachelor of Fine Arts with a concentration in Graphic Design from California State University, Fullerton. Nasim is extremely detail oriented, creative, and loves building relationships. Nasim is a big asset to company and her strive to constantly learn more has allowed her to grow from her original position as an Administrative Assistant to her new position as Marketing Coordinator. Nasim is a big Foodie and is constantly searching for new places to dine and has a passion for traveling to new places and learning about new cultures when given the chance.
Field Service Supervisor Michael is a Sharp Master Technician. If you aren’t familiar with that term, it’s a bit like winning Iron Chef – the best of the best. There aren’t a lot of them around. He is a veteran and was with AOA for 30 years. His main service area will be Ventura County. He is also very committed to his customers, and always seeks to provide world class service.
Sarah was with AOA for over 30 years. As the admin manager, she wore many hats. She handled contract billing, bids, accounts receivable and supply ordering, among many other things. She has a good relationship with her customers and makes taking caring of them her top priority. You won’t believe it to look at her, but she has 10 grand-kids.
Hector brings a proven track record of dedicated customer service and value-driven results for his clients. He studied Marketing and Business Administration while on an athletic scholarship for wrestling at the University of Colorado. Hector has over ten years consultative sales experience with a strategic focus throughout the Greater Los Angeles area. Hector has leveraged the ability to satisfy the most rigorous customer interactions, which led him to the Technology Industry, where he has gained knowledge and continues to learn, making him an invaluable resource to business owners he engages with.
Bio will go here
Mark has been in Sales and Sales Management for 38 years and 11 years in the Office Solutions Industry. He graduated from Fullerton College and is trained on Xerox, Ricoh, Kyocera, and all Corporate Direct. Mark brings a wealth of experience in Professional Sales and Management, customer service, and is a leading sales professional in follow up and customer satisfaction. Mark also has an adventurous side, and has walked on 10 feet of hot coals at an Anthony Robbin’s seminar.
Gary brings 15 years of experience in the technology, office software, and equipment world. He is a business development professional and a workflow solution solver with proven success as a sales leader in services and technology organizations. Gary has been one of our Top selling producers and strategists year after year. He possesses major strengths such as excellent communication skills and business acumen. Gary is passionate, dedicated, and creative. He thrives when working with other business leaders to find innovative ways to create better efficiency and productivity in their offices, and he is comfortable providing solutions for many different types of industries. He is an avid fisherman and outdoors man. When he is not problem solving, Gary loves to hike, golf, and enjoys cycling.
Jeff Wagner joins GoodSuite from Advanced Office Automation (AOA) and brings great sales momentum.
Ken is our San Luis Obispo technician. He has quite the varied experience and interests, not the least of which is botany, and has taught university level classes.